The Tragedy Of 

Macbeth Book Review


Macbeth Book Info

“The Tragedy of Macbeth” is a famous play written by William Shakespeare who needs no introduction in English literature. The play was written in tragic genre. It was written in 1606, in England and got published in 1623.

Macbeth Setting

The places shown in the play are Scotland and England and the timeline is eleventh century.

List of 

Macbeth’s characters

  • Macbeth
  • Lady Macbeth
  • Banquo
  • Macduff
  • King Duncan
  • Malcolm
  • Weird Sisters
  • Fleance
  • Lady Macduff
  • Young Macduff
  • Lennox
  • Ross
  • Angus
  • Donalbain
  • Hecate
  • Siward
  • Young Siward
  • King Edward
  • Seyton

Macbeth thesis statement of main Characters

There is a brief thesis statement introduction to the main characters of the Macbeth book.

  1. Macbeth: Macbeth is a Scottish nobleman and Thane of Glamis, later becomes Thane of Cawdor. Hearing the weird sisters’ prophecy, he then murders the King Duncan and becomes the king of Scotland.
  2. Lady Macbeth: Lady Macbeth, wife of Macbeth, urges her husband to murder the king Duncan and become the king himself. She thinks that after becoming the queen, she will no longer be guilty conscience. But it doesn’t happen, and she falls into lunacy and anguish.
  3. Banquo: Banquo is Macbeth’s friend a Scottish general and nobleman. He has a son named Fleance. The three witches predict that Banquo will not, but his inheritors rule Scotland. Banquo’s ghost haunts Macbeth after Macbeth gets him murdered.
  4. Macduff: Macduff is a Scottish nobleman and the Thane of Fife. He has a wife, Lady Macduff, and three children. He puts forth Scotland’s welfare ahead of his own family. He vows to take revenge against Macbeth when he finds that Macbeth has his family killed.

Macbeth Summary

Norwegians, in alliance with Scottish rebels attack Scotland. The Scots shield their homeland. One Scotsman in particular, Macbeth, Thane of Glamis, make a distinction during war.

After the battle, Macbeth and Banquo happen to see three witches who foretell that Macbeth will happen to be “Thane of Cawdor”, and finally the King. They further predict that Banquo’s successors will become kings.

They don’t believe the witches, but later find that the old Thane of Cawdor is a traitor who helps the Norwegian. Ultimately Macbeth becomes Thane of Cawdor for his bravery in battlefield.

Now Macbeth fancies murdering Duncan and becoming king, but he abandons the evil thought.

Duncan announces his eldest son to be heir to the throne. Duncan also decides to have celebration at Macbeth’s castle of Inverness.

Lady Macbeth receives a letter from Macbeth about the prophecy and Duncan’s arrival. She convinces him to assassinate Duncan and announces his being the new king the same night. Macbeth refuses to accept it but then agrees because of his ambitions.

They kill Duncan same night and trap Duncan’s room the guardsmen. Next morning, Macduff, a Scottish thane, finds out Duncan’s dead body inform others.

Macbeth and Lady Macbeth act as if they were shocked. Macbeth also kills the guards of Duncan’s room to silence them charging them of king’s murder. Duncan’s sons flee for the fear of being the next targets but become suspects of their father’s murder.

Macbeth crowned as the king. But Banquo suspects Macbeth of king’s murder since he is aware of the witches’ prophecy. Now Macbeth considers Banquo as a danger because the witches’ prophecy revealed that Banquo’s line would reign as kings.

Macbeth announces a feast and invites many thanes including Banquo. He also hires two contract killers to murder Banquo with his son Fleance on the way. The hired killers take life of Banquo, but Fleance runs away.

At the feast, only Macbeth sees Banquo’s ghost. Macbeth’s awkward behavior and Banquo’s murder create suspicion among all thanes.

Macduff declines to appear at the royal court and leaves for England to support Malcolm raise army against Macbeth.

Macbeth goes to three witches to find more about his forthcoming life. They show him three spirits who inform Macbeth to stay alert against Macduff, but also warn that no “man born of woman” can beat Macduff and he will rule until Birnam Wood marches to Dunsinane. The witches also authenticate the prophecy that Banquo’s line will one day rule Scotland.

Macbeth orders some men to kill Macduff’s family. When the news reaches to Macduff, he vows revenge. In the meanwhile, Malcolm leads the English and Scottish toward Dunsinane.

Lady Macbeth becomes victim of sleepwalking. She also has visions of blood on her hands that can’t be washed off.

Macbeth becomes frenzied, malicious, and arrogant. Many of his men move to Malcolm’s side.

In Birnam Wood, Malcolm and his generals cut branches to and shield themselves to hide their number.

Lady Macbeth dies when Macbeth prepares for the cordon. Her death makes everything meaninglessness to him.

Malcolm’s forces swiftly get hold of Dunsinane. Macbeth keeps fighting and finally Macduff kills Macbeth.

Malcolm is declared to be the new King of Scotland. He vows to restore everything that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth corrupted in Scotland.

Macbeth Themes

Macbeth themes can be explained as the following:

  • Ambition
  • Fate
  • Violence
  • Nature and the Unnatural
  • Manhood
  • Corrupting Power
  • Kingship and Tyranny

Macbeth Quotes



Spoken By:

Act I

Fair is foul, and foul is fair.



Stars, hide your fires!
Let not light see my black and deep desires.


Act 3

Nought’s had, all’s spent
Where our desire is got without content.

Lady Macbeth

Act 4

By the pricking of my thumbs,
Something wicked this way comes.



I am in blood
Stepp’d in so far, that, should I wade no more,
Returning were as tedious as go o’er.



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